Inorganic Materials

NAME OF THE COURSE Inorganic Materials



Year of study


Course teacher

Prof Jelica Zelić

Credits (ECTS)


Associate teachers

Type of instruction (number of hours)






Status of the course


Percentage of application of e-learning

0 %


Course objectives

Students will be able to assess the relationship between structure and properties of selected inorganic non-metallic materials as an important prerequisite for their production, control and application with special emphasis on chemical engineering and environmental aspects, economic efficiency and sustainable development.

Course enrolment requirements and entry competences required for the course

Enrolled in or passed the course Exercises in Inorganic Materials

Learning outcomes expected at the level of the course (4 to 10 learning outcomes)

After passing the exam, students will be able to:
1. Distinguish and explain the physical and chemical conditions of the genesis of mineral resources.
2. Classify ceramic materials with respect to their properties and applications.
3. Predict the inter-relationship between microstructure, properties and production of ceramic materials.
4. Explain the characteristics and behavior of clay minerals in a water-clay system depending on the structure of clay minerals.
5. Explain the difference in the structure of ceramics depending on the processes of drying and firing (sintering).
6. Distinguish and explain the mechanisms of hydration, setting and hardening of mineral binders.
7. Assess the impact of the environment (weathering) on the resistance and durability of technical glass and decorative stone, including historic and cultural heritage monuments.
8. Explain the difference between the natural and synthetic inorganic pigments.
9. Evaluate and propose protection measures in order to improve the durability of selected inorganic non-metallic materials.

Course content broken down in detail by weekly class schedule (syllabus)

1st week: Introduction. Historical overview, development and meaning of the commercial inorganic non-metallic materials industry (clay wares, refractories, porcelain, technical glasses, cement, concrete, etc.).
2nd week: Sources of raw materials. The earth’s crust, rocks, minerals, the environment, conditions and processes of mineral genesis. Classification of minerals and rocks.
3rd week: Silicates, oxides and other minerals Structure and properties.
4th week: Ceramic materials. Traditional (classical) and advanced (high-tech) ceramics. Resemblances and differences.
5th week: Raw materials for traditional ceramics and demands for their quality. Phase diagrams of the systems important in ceramics.
6th week: Raw materials for advanced ceramics and demands for their quality. Pure oxide ceramics. Non-oxide ceramics. Bioceramics.
7th week: The water-clay system. Characterization of ceramic slurries (reological properties, thixotropy, plasticity, etc.). Forming processes (slip casting, pressing, jiggering, extrusion, etc.). Drying and firing (sintering).
8th week: A high-temperature reactions and sintering processes in the traditional and advanced ceramics production.
9th week: The written knowledge tests (I Colloquium).
10th week: Glass. Structure and classification of glass. A property of glass melts. Glass forming operations and equipment.
11th week: Overview and properties of particular types of ceramics (porcelain, cements, refractories, technical glass). Flow diagrams of chosen inorganic material production with special reference to the physical and chemical base of the processes, equipment and environmental aspects.
12th week: Technical and decorative stone. Stone types, properties and exploiting.
13th week: The impact of aggressive environment on the durabilty of ceramics, technical glass and decorative stone including historic and cultural heritage monuments.
14th week: Inorganic pigments. Natural and synthetic. Overview and properties of particular pigments.
15th week: The written knowledge tests (II Colloquium).

Format of instruction:

Student responsibilities


Screening student work (name the proportion of ECTS credits for eachactivity so that the total number of ECTS credits is equal to the ECTS value of the course):

Class attendance




Practical training


Experimental work








Seminar essay






Oral exam




Written exam






Grading and evaluating student work in class and at the final exam

A student can pass a part or the entire exam by taking two (2) partial tests during the semester. Test passing score is 60%. Students who do not pass the partial exams have to take an exam in the regular examination periods. The exam consists of theoretical (oral) and written part. Exam passing score is 60%..
Grades depending on the test score: 60% - 70% - satisfactory, 71% -81% - good, 82% -92% very good, 93% -100% - excellent.

Required literature (available in the library and via other media)


Number of copies in the library

Availability via other media

J. Zelić, Praktikum iz procesa anorganske industrije, Kemijsko-tehnološki fakultet u Splitu, Split, 2013., (recenzirani i objavljeni nastavni materijali)


J. Zelić, Engineering of Selected Inorganic Materials / Inženjerstvo odabranih anorganskih materijala (na engleskom jeziku), Kemijsko-tehnološki fakultet u Splitu, Split, 2013, (recenzirani i objavljeni nastavni materijali).


J. Zelić, Engineering of Selected Inorganic Materials / Inženjerstvo odabranih anorganskih materijala (na engleskom jeziku), Sveučilišni udžbenik, Sveučilište u Splitu, 2014., u postupku recenzije.


J. Zelić, Z. Osmanović, Čvrstoća i trajnost cementnih kompozita, Sveučilišni udžbenik, Sveučilište u Splitu, 2014., ISBN 978-953-7803-01-8.


Z. Osmanović, J. Zelić, Proizvodnja Portland-cementa, Univerzitetski udžbenik, Univerzitet u Tuzli, B&H, Tuzla, 2010., ISBN 978-9958-897-04-7.


Optional literature (at the time of submission of study programme proposal)

Z. Kolumbić, M. Dunđer, Materijali, Sveučilišni udžbenik, Sveučilište u Rijeci, 2011., ISBN 978-953-6104-85-7.
M. Tecilazić-Stevanović, Osnovi tehnologije keramike, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Tehnološko-metalurški fakultet, Beograd, 1990., YU ISBN 86-7401-065-2.
C. Saiz-Jimenez (Ed.), Air pollution and Cultural Heritage, Taylor & Francis Group, London, 2004, ISBN 90 5809 682 3.

Quality assurance methods that ensure the acquisition of exit competences

Quality of the teaching and learning monitored at the level of the
(1) teachers, accepting suggestions of students and colleagues, and
(2) Faculty, conducting surveys of students on teaching quality.

Other (as the proposer wishes to add)