Methods for characterization of materials

NAME OF THE COURSE Methods for characterization of materials

Code

KTL301

Year of study

3.

Course teacher

Asst Prof Sanja Perinović Jozić
Prof Dražan Jozić

Credits (ECTS)

6.0

Associate teachers

Type of instruction (number of hours)

P S V T

30

0

30

0

Status of the course

Mandatory

Percentage of application of e-learning

0 %

COURSE DESCRIPTION

Course objectives

Acquisition of theoretical knowledge about different techniques and methods for characterization of materials, and practical knowledge about the preparation of samples and the application of simple and advanced instrumental techniques and methods.

Course enrolment requirements and entry competences required for the course

 

Learning outcomes expected at the level of the course (4 to 10 learning outcomes)

After successful completion of the course the student will be able to:
1. optimally use numerous possibilities of individual instruments
2. conclude which instrumental technique and method can be applied to determine predicted properties of materials
3. properly prepare samples and adjust a instrument for a particular measurement, i.e. to calibrate the instrument
4. independently carry out measurements and determine basic parameters of the measured data

Course content broken down in detail by weekly class schedule (syllabus)

1. week: L Introductory notes related to the course. Structure and properties of inorganic, organic and composite materials.
E -
2. week: L Development of techniques and methods for characterization of materials throughout the history. Introduction to methods for characterization of materials. The accuracy and precision of the measurement. Statistical deviation of the measurement. Basic terminology in the instrumental characterization of materials (calibration, recalibration, baseline, standards, systematic errors..).
E -
3. week: L Physical and chemical properties of materials. Basic notations and terminology.
E -
4. week: L Electromagnetic radiation. The interaction of electromagnetic radiation and matter. Instrumental methods and techniques. X-ray radiation. The interaction of X-ray radiation with electrons. The interaction of X-Ray with atoms. Basics of X-ray fluorescence techniques and methods. Calibration and calibration standards of instruments. Interpretation of the results.
E Determination of the elemental composition using fluorescence techniques.
5. week: L Basics application of X-ray diffraction on the polycrystalline samples. Determination of the basic parameters of the diffraction pattern. Industrial application diffraction technique and instrument and performance limitations.
E Rapid methods for characterization of materials using X-ray diffraction.
6. week: L Assessment of knowledge (I. test). Spectroscopic techniques and methods for characterization of materials. Theoretical background of infrared spectroscopy.
E -
7. week: L Basics interactions of infrared radiation with a matter. Important terminology related to infrared spectroscopy and its possible application. Methods suitable for a sample preparation. Methods and techniques of measurement. Practical guidelines for the measurement on infrared spectrometer.
E Application of infrared spectroscopy in the characterization of the materials.
8. week: L Theoretical background of ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. Possible applications of ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. Sample preparation. Practical guidance for measurement of spectra.
E Application of ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy in characterization of materials.
9. week: L Introduction to thermal techniques and methods. Fundamental terminology. Types of thermal techniques and methods. Thermal analysis: Factors which influence on the results.
E -
10. week: L Theoretical background of thermogravimetry. Standards for calibration and calibration methods of thermogravimeter and differential thermal analyser. Determination of the baseline and measurement interpretation. Importance of instrument calibration, measurement program, working conditions, preparation of samples. Interpretation of thermogravimetric curves. Possible applications of thermogravimetry (examples). Mistakes that occur in the measurement.
E Determination of thermal and thermo-oxidative stability of materials with thermogravimetric method.
11. week: L Assessment of knowledge (II. test). Theoretical background of differential scanning calorimetry and differential thermal analysis. Instrumental designs of these techniques.
E -
12. week: L Importance of instrument calibration, measurement program, working conditions, preparation of samples for differential scanning calorimetry and differential thermal analysis. Standards for calibration and recalibration of instruments. Determination of a baseline and measurement interpretation. Possible applications (examples) and possible problems. Mistakes that occur in the measurement.
E Determination of thermal properties of material using differential scanning calorimetry.
13. week: L Theoretical background of the thermomechanical analysis and dynamic mechanical analysis. Construction of the thermomechanical system. Calibration of the instrument, measurement program, working conditions, sample preparation, etc. Thermomechanical curves. Possible applications (examples) and possible problems/solution.
E -
14. week: L Construction of dynamic mechanical system. Calibration of the instrument, measurement program, working conditions, sample preparation, etc. Dynamic mechanical curves. Possible applications (examples) and possible problems/solution.
E -
15. week: L Repetition of course content. Assessment of knowledge (III. test).
E -

Format of instruction:

Student responsibilities

Class attendance in the amount of 70% to 100%, and to experimental work of 100% from total hours.

Screening student work (name the proportion of ECTS credits for eachactivity so that the total number of ECTS credits is equal to the ECTS value of the course):

Class attendance

1.0

Research

0.0

Practical training

0.0

Experimental work

1.0

Report

0.5

0.6

Essay

0.0

Seminar essay

0.0

0.5

Tests

0.8

Oral exam

0.8

 

 

Written exam

0.8

Project

0.0

 

 

Grading and evaluating student work in class and at the final exam

The entire exam can be passed over three tests during the semester. Minimum for successfully passed tests is limit of 50% of resolved test. Each test participates with a share of 25% in total grade. During the regular examination period students pass the exam over a written and oral exam. Minimum for passage is 50% of resolved test. Each previously passed test (previous activity) is valid only in the summer examination period with a share of 10% in total grade. The written exam participates with 20% (two previously passed tests) and 30% in total grade (one previously passed test), while the oral exam participates with a share of 35% in total grade. For students who will take the exam during the regular examination period only through the written and oral exam limit for passage is 50% of resolved test. The written exam participates with a share of 35% in total grade while the oral exam participates with a share of 40% in total grade.
Class attendance in the amount of 70% to 100% presents the share of 10% in total grade, while the implementation of experimental work of 100% presents the share of 15% in total grade.
Grading: 50%-61% - sufficient, 62%-74% - good, 75%-87% very good, 88%-100% - excellent.

Required literature (available in the library and via other media)

Title

Number of copies in the library

Availability via other media

H. Günzler and H. Gremlich, Uvod u infracrvenu spektroskopiju, Školska knjiga Zagreb, 2006.

1

T. Kovačić, Struktura i svojstva polimera, Sveučilište u Splitu, Split, 2010.

1

Michael E. Brown, Introduction to Thermal Analysis, Techniques and Applications (2nd edition), Kluwer Academics Publishers, New York, 2004.

1

B.E. Warren, X-Ray diffraction, Dover Publications, New York, 1990.

1

Optional literature (at the time of submission of study programme proposal)

1. Roger N. Clark, Spectroscopy of Rocks and Minerals, and Principles of Spectroscopy, John Wiley and Sons, Inc, New York, 1999.
2. Selected articles from journals recommended by lecturer

Quality assurance methods that ensure the acquisition of exit competences

- monitoring of students suggestions and reactions during semester
- students evaluation organized by University

Other (as the proposer wishes to add)