Fundamentals of organic chemistry

NAME OF THE COURSE Fundamentals of organic chemistry



Year of study


Course teacher

Assoc Prof Ani Radonić

Credits (ECTS)


Associate teachers

Type of instruction (number of hours)






Status of the course


Percentage of application of e-learning

0 %


Course objectives

Acquiring a basic knowledge of modern organic chemistry and nomenclature of organic compounds, understanding the structure and properties of organic compounds and the basic mechanisms of organic chemical reactions.
Acquisition of basic skills and techniques required for work in organic-chemical laboratory.

Course enrolment requirements and entry competences required for the course


Learning outcomes expected at the level of the course (4 to 10 learning outcomes)

After passing the exam the student should be able to:
- use basic rules of organic compounds nomenclature
- differentiate classes of organic compounds according to functional groups
- connect organic compounds molecular structure with their physico - chemical
properties and reactivity
- differentiate organic reaction types and describe general characteristics of organic reactions
- explain reaction mechanisms of main classes of organic compounds
- use basic laboratory techniques for synthesis, isolation and purification of organic compounds as well as their characterization and identification

Course content broken down in detail by weekly class schedule (syllabus)

Lectures (2 hours weekly):
1st week: Introduction to organic chemistry. The binding in organic molecules.
2nd week: Molecular structure and properties of organic compounds. Isomers. Optical activity and chirality. The absolute configuration. Acid-base properties of organic compounds.
3th week: Types of organic reactions. Classification and nomenclature of organic compounds - functional groups.
4th week: Alkanes. Rotation about single bond. Oxidation. Halogenation. Alkenes.
5th week: Alkenes. Electrophilic Addition. The addition of hydrogen. The addition of halogen. The addition of hydrogen halide (Markovnikov and anti-Markovnikov rule). Hydration. Polimerization.
6th week: Alkynes. Reactions of of alkynes. Alkyl halides. Nucleophilic substitution at saturated carbon. SN2-mechanism. SN1-mechanism.
7th tjedan: Elimination reactions. E1 and E2 mechanism. Competition among substitution and elimination. Repetition of the teaching materials.
8th week: 1st partial exam. Alcohols. Ethers.
9th week: Aldehydes and ketones. Nucleophilic addition to the carbonyl group. Reactions at the -carbon (the aldol reaction).
10th tjedan: Carboxylic acids and derivatives. Nucleophilic substitution at the carbonyl group.
11th week: Aromatic hydrocarbons. Electrophilic aromatic substitution. The impact of the groups on electrophilic aromatic substitution. Nucleophilic aromatic substitution.
12th week: Arenes. Phenols. Aromatic amines
13th week: Carbohydrates. Monosaccharides-basic reactions. Oligosaccharides. Polysaccharides.
14th week: Amines. Amino acids. Peptides and proteins.
15th week: 2nd partial exam.
Seminars (1 hour weekly):
Solving problems in organic chemistry.
Exercises (2 hours weekly joined together in 6 lab periods):
1. Laboratory safety and rules. Isolation and purification of organic compounds. Crystallization and melting point determination. Distillation. Extraction. Organic compounds synthesis.
2. Diazotation. Phenol synthesis.
3. Carbonyl compounds-nucleophilic addition. The Cannizzaro reaction – benzyl alcohol and benzoic acid synthesis.
4. Electrophilic aromatic substitution. p-Nitroacetanilide synthesis.
5. Oxidation-reduction reactions. Butan-2-one synthesis.
6. Organic compounds characterization. Characteristic reactions of functional groups.

Format of instruction:

Student responsibilities

Students are required to attend lectures and seminars of at least 80% of the times scheduled and to complete all planned laboratory exercises.

Screening student work (name the proportion of ECTS credits for eachactivity so that the total number of ECTS credits is equal to the ECTS value of the course):

Class attendance




Practical training


Experimental work








Seminar essay






Oral exam




Written exam






Grading and evaluating student work in class and at the final exam

A student can pass the entire exam by taking and passing two partial exams (tests) consisting of theoretical questions and seminar problems during the semester. Test passing score is 60%. Each test constitutes 40% of the final exam score. Attendance to the lectures and seminars participate in the final score with 10%.Grades achieved through laboratory exercises will constitute 10% of the final score. Any of the partial exams passed during the semester is valid throughout the academic year.
Students who do not pass one of the partial exam or both of them have to take an written exam in the regular examination periods. Exam passing score is 60%. The exam will constitute 90% and laboratory exercises will constitute 10% of the final score. Grades depending on the test score: 60% - 69% - satisfactory, 70% -79% - good, 80% -89% very good, 90% -100% - excellent.

Required literature (available in the library and via other media)


Number of copies in the library

Availability via other media

S. H. Pine, Organska kemija, Školska knjiga, Zagreb, 1994.


I. Jerković, A. Radonić, Praktikum iz organske kemije, Udžbenici Sveučilišta u Splitu, Split, 2009.


Web stranica KTF-a (Knjižnica)

Optional literature (at the time of submission of study programme proposal)


Quality assurance methods that ensure the acquisition of exit competences

- monitoring of students suggestions and reactions during semester
- students evaluation organized by University

Other (as the proposer wishes to add)