Glass and Ceramics

NAME OF THE COURSE Glass and Ceramics



Year of study


Course teacher

Prof Jelica Zelić

Credits (ECTS)


Associate teachers

Asst Prof Mario Nikola Mužek

Type of instruction (number of hours)






Status of the course


Percentage of application of e-learning

0 %


Course objectives

Qualifying students to adopt and apply basic processes in glass and ceramic production with chemical engineering aspect of the production, control and application of comercial ceramics.

Course enrolment requirements and entry competences required for the course


Learning outcomes expected at the level of the course (4 to 10 learning outcomes)

After passing the exam, students will be able to:
1. Classify the ceramic materials due to their properties and applications.
2. Assess the interconnectedness of microstructure, properties and production of tradicional and advanced ceramics.
3. Explain the properties and behavior of clay minerals in a water-clay depending on the structure of clay minerals.
4. Explain the difference in the structure of ceramics depending on the processes of drying and firing (sintering).
5. Classify the technical glass.
6. Explain the properties of molten glass and the reason for the occurrence of defects in the glass.
7. Assess the impact of the environment (weathering) on the durability of technical glass.
8. Assess the quality of raw materials and finished products using chemical and physical parameters.
9. Choosing the correct engineering approach in the selection of raw materials and process parameters in the production of glass and ceramics starting from the knowledge acquired.

Course content broken down in detail by weekly class schedule (syllabus)

1st week: Introduction. Historical overview, potential and meaning of glass and ceramic industries.
2nd week: Definition, composition, and structure of technical (commercial) glass. Classification of glass.
3rd week: The basic processes and the manufacture of glass. Raw materials and basic requirements for quality raw materials. The Na2O-SiO2 system.
4th week: Calculation and preparation of raw material mixture for the manufacture of colourless and coloured (green) glass.
5th week: Glass melting processes. Basic operations and devices. Furnaces.
The properties of glass melts. Defects in glass. Crystallization. Devitrification. Viscosity.
6th week: Glass forming operations (blowing, rolling, drawing, pressing). Devices.
7th week: Cooling and surface treatment of the glass. Glass dyeing. The stained glass. Glass-ceramics.
8th week: The written knowledge tests (I Colloquium)
9th week: Definition and classification of ceramics. Traditional and advanced ceramic materials.
10th week: Natural mineral raw materials. Synthesis of ceramic powders. Phase diagrams of systems important for ceramics.
11th week: Structure and properties of clay minerals. Ion exchange phenomenon clay. The clay-water. Characterization of ceramic slurries (rheology, plasticity, etc..).
12th week: Formating processes (slip casting, pressing, jiggering, extrusion, etc..). Drying and firing of crude products. Sintering processes and reactions in the solid state.
13th week: Overview of important traditional ceramic materials, their properties and applications. Flow diagrams of production, with special emphasis on the physical and chemical base process, equipment and the environment aspects.
14th week: Overview of important advanced ceramic materials, their properties and applications. Flow diagrams of production, with special emphasis on the physical and chemical base processes, equipment and the environment aspects.
15th week : The written knowledge tests (II Colloquium).
1. Determination of the cation exchange capacity of clays by the ammonium acetate method, and identification of clay minerals.
2. Applications of thermal analysis (DTA-TG/DTG) and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) in the analysis of the clay.
3. Determination of the porosity of the sintered ceramic body.
4. Manufacturing ceramic vase by slip casting technic in laboratory scale.
5. Determination of hydraulic resistance of technical glass.
6. Field work - visiting the technological facilities for the production of glass and ceramic products.

Format of instruction:

Student responsibilities

Implementation and analysis of selected processes according to preset conditions.
Each student is required to attend laboratory practice and field work (100%). On completion of all exercises the final written exam is obligated.

Screening student work (name the proportion of ECTS credits for eachactivity so that the total number of ECTS credits is equal to the ECTS value of the course):

Class attendance




Practical training


Experimental work








Seminar essay






Oral exam




Written exam






Grading and evaluating student work in class and at the final exam

The entire test can be applied over two (2) exams during the semester. Passing threshold is 60%. Each colloquium in assessing participates with 45%. Lectures presence of 80 to 100% is 10% marks. The examination periods there is a written and oral exam. Passing threshold is 60%. Passing one colloquium (previous activity) is true in the summer examination period with a share of 10% in the assessment. Written exam has a share of 40% and 50% verbal. Students who have not passed the exam by tests take the examination through written and oral exams in the regular examination period. Passing threshold is 60% and the examination form to participate in the evaluation by 50%.
Rating: 60% -70% - satisfactory, 71% -81% - good, 82% -92% very good, 93% -100% - excellent.

Required literature (available in the library and via other media)


Number of copies in the library

Availability via other media

J. Zelić, Praktikum iz procesa anorganske industrije, Kemijsko-tehnološki fakultet u Splitu, Split, 2013. (recenzirani i objavljeni nastavni materijali)

1 http:// _an

J. Zelić, Engineering of Selected Inorganic Materials/ Inženjerstvo odabranih anorganskih materijala, (na engleskom jeziku), Kemijsko-tehnološki fakultet u Splitu, Split, 2013 (recenzirani i objavljeni nastavni materijali)

1 http://

J. Zelić, Engineering of Selected Inorganic Materials/ Inženjerstvo odabranih anorganskih materijala, (na engleskom jeziku), Sveučilišni udžbenik, Sveučilište u Splitu, Split, 2014, u postupku recenzije.


Optional literature (at the time of submission of study programme proposal)

R. A. McCauley, Corrosion of Ceramic and Composite Materials, 3rd Ed., CRC Press, 2013, ISBN 0-8247-5366-6.
M. Tecilazić-Stevanović, Osnovi tehnologije keramike, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Tehnološko-metalurški fakultet, Beograd, 1990., YU ISBN 86-7401-065-2

Quality assurance methods that ensure the acquisition of exit competences

Quality assurance will be performed at three levels:
(1) University Level;
(2) Faculty Level by Quality Control Committee;
(3) Lecturer’s Level.

Other (as the proposer wishes to add)