NAME OF THE COURSE Thermodynamics



Year of study


Course teacher

Prof Vanja Martinac

Credits (ECTS)


Associate teachers

ScD Jelena Jakić
Assoc Prof Miroslav Labor

Type of instruction (number of hours)






Status of the course


Percentage of application of e-learning

0 %


Course objectives

The course of Thermodynamics covers the basics of general thermodynamic principles and their application in engineering. The goal is for students to master the knowledge of basic thermodynamic principles and their application in engineering, which will be helpful in their further studies as well as in their work.

Course enrolment requirements and entry competences required for the course


Learning outcomes expected at the level of the course (4 to 10 learning outcomes)

After passing the exam, students are expected to:
- specify and define the units of measurements of basic thermodynamic magnitudes and the state equation
- specify and correctly interpret the basic laws of thermodynamics
- specify and explain thermodynamic changes of the state of ideal gases
- define and explain the processes of expansion and compression
- define and explain cycles processes
- define and explain irreversible processes (throttling, mixing of gases)
- specify and describe heat properties and changes of the state of real gases
- discern and analyse processes in devices used to obtain low temperatures and processes in devices for gas liquefaction.
- discern standard state of solutions
- apply the knowledge acquired to solving tasks related to changes of the state of ideal and real gases and liquids, compression processes, cycles processes, processes in devices used to obtain low temperatures

Course content broken down in detail by weekly class schedule (syllabus)

1st week: General concepts. Heat and energy parameters in thermodynamic processes.
2nd week: Basic laws of thermodynamics. The first law of thermodynamics using internal energy and enthalpy. Thermodynamic changes of the state of ideal gases (isobaric, isochoric, isothermal, adiabatic and polytrophic changes of state).
3rd week: The second law of thermodynamics, reversibility, irreversibility, thermal diagram and changes of the state in thermal diagrams.
4th week: The second law of thermodynamics applied to the energetic transformation - exergy and anergy.
5th week: Maximum work of the system.
6th week: Cycles processes. Carnot and thermal efficiency degree.
7th week: Compression and expansion processes.
8th week: Processes with external and internal combustion.
Exam (I preliminary exam)
9th week: Real gases: liquid state, evaporation, wet and dry saturated steam, superheated steam, fundamental processes.
10th week: Thermal properties and changes of the state of real gases. Thermodynamics diagrams and tables for variables of state.
11th week: Water vapour – thermodynamic parameters of the state. Vapour power cycles
12th week: Thermodynamic fundamentals of the cooling process. Vapor-compression refrigeration. Coefficient of performance. Heat pump.
13th week: Processes in devices for gas liquefaction.
14th week: Thermodynamics of solutions – theory and application. Thermodynamic fundamentals of vapor-liquid equilibrium.
15th week: Standard state of solutions. Gibbs-Duhem equation for solutions.
Exam (II preliminary exam)
Numeric examples demonstrating the topics covered are analysed during the course, making an integral whole with the lectures.

Format of instruction:

Student responsibilities


Screening student work (name the proportion of ECTS credits for eachactivity so that the total number of ECTS credits is equal to the ECTS value of the course):

Class attendance




Practical training


Experimental work








Seminar essay






Oral exam




Written exam






Grading and evaluating student work in class and at the final exam

Attendance to lectures and seminars is registered (not included in the rating). A written and an oral exam are held in the examination periods. The passing threshold is 60%. The oral exam is mandatory for all students, and the written exam is mandatory if a student is not exempt from it. Continuous assessment through partial preliminary exams (twice in a semester) allows for exemption from the written exam. The passing threshold is 60%. Partial preliminary exams are not mandatory. Preliminary exams are not eliminatory. Each passed preliminary exam participates with 25% in the rating. A passed preliminary exam also participates with 25% in the autumn examination period. The written exam participates with 25%, and the oral one with 50%. Students who have not passed the written exam through preliminary exams take the full exam (final exam) consisting of the written and the oral exam in regular examination periods. The passing threshold is 60%, and each exam form participates in the rating with 50%.
Ratings: 60%-70% - satisfactory, 71%-80% - good, 81%-90% - very good,
91%-100% - excellent.

Required literature (available in the library and via other media)


Number of copies in the library

Availability via other media

M. J. Moran, H. N. Shapiro, D. B. Daisie, M. B. Bailey, Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, 7th Ed., Wiley, New York, 2010.


N. Petric, I. Vojnović, V. Martinac, Tehnička termodinamika, 2 izdanje, on line (2007-01-09), Kemijsko-tehnološki fakultet, Split, 2007.


On line

V. Martinac, Termodinamika i termotehnika (priručnik - formule i tablice), on line (2008-12-09), Kemijsko-tehnološki fakultet, Split, 2008.


On line

J. M. Smith, H. C. Van Hess, M. M. Abbott, Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, 7th Ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 2005.


Optional literature (at the time of submission of study programme proposal)

Y. A. Cengel, M. A. Boles, Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach, 7th Ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 2011.
R. E. Sonntag, C. Borgnakke, G. J. Van Wylen, Fundamentals of thermodynamics, 8th Ed., Wiley, New York, 2012.
R. Budin, A. Mihelić-Bogdanić, Osnove tehničke termodinamike, III izdanje, Školska knjiga, Zagreb, 2012.

Quality assurance methods that ensure the acquisition of exit competences

Quality assurance will be performed at three levels:
(1) University Level;
(2) Faculty Level by Quality Control Committee;
(3) Lecturer’s Level.

Other (as the proposer wishes to add)